As I've been working on this series of posts I've also been taking an Additional Qualifications course on teaching math to primary and junior students (I think I mentioned it before). For this current unit I have been researching using writing in the math class and I am LOVING what I am learning. Not to mention that I am getting all sorts of ideas for products and freebies I plan to create!

These are a few of the resources I've been looking at:

Making Math Meaningful to Canadian Students, K-8 by Marian Small

And here's what I've learned:

**Written Communication**

- personal writing
- descriptive writing
- process writing
- creation of word problems
- creative writing
- explanatory writing

- before studying a concept to see what students already know
- during the unit to add to their previous writing
- at the end of a unit to revisit what they learned
- use writing when a student is confused as the task of writing can often clarify thinking
- in journals or logs
- ask students to write about a classmate’s solution or a discussion that took place in class
- to explain their thinking after solving a math problem
- after solving an open-ended math question, ask students why there could be so many possible answers and why it is important to look at things from a variety of perspectives
- to explain a mathematical concept
- to write about their learning process (metacognition)

- should be co-created with the students and hung where students can access it
- create a checklist of criteria

- discuss the purpose for the writing
- discuss who the audience for their writing may be
- model how to use details and how to explain their thinking
- give students time to discuss their ideas before starting to write
- have a math word wall of useful vocabulary
- give students a prompt to help them get started
- scaffold and support as needed
- share in small groups or pairs
- keep writing in a portfolio to assess growth over time

**Do you use writing in your math workshop or math class? I'd love to know more about it and how you incorporate this important skill into your planning.**

**Leave a comment below!**

## 1 Brilliant Teaching Thoughts:

This was my Graduate Thesis Project topic. Lots of great ways to use writing in Mathematics! Love to keep my kids writing and thinking!

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Beth